The influence of gender on thermal sensitivity to warm and cool… [Read more]
Mean thermal sensation in 33 areas of Chinese females and males in 40℃
Figure illustrates warmth sensation responses for Chinese men and women (40℃) at rest. All female data were higher than male (p <0.05). The grey area is unsurveyed.
Mean cold sensation in 33 areas of Chinese females and males in 20℃ (adapted from Gerrett et al. 2014)
Figure shows cold sensation for Chinese men and women (20℃) at rest. All female data was significantly higher than male location data(p <0.05).
Thermal sensation scale, thermal comfort scale and thermal preference scale
The figure presents the subjective scalles used for assessment. Thermal sensation is the direct thermal response of participant to the stimulus. Thermal comfort is the subjective feeling of that stimulus by the participant. Thermal preference show how the participant would like to feel, warmer or cooler.
Mean skin temperature during the experiment, Male (n = 8) and female (n = 8)
This shows that mean skin temperature was stable during the experimental phase for both males and females.
Local skin temperature of 33 sies Male (n = 8) and female (n = 8)
Local skin temperature variation was consistant between males and females.
Male (n = 8) and female (n = 8) mean thermal sensation of previous and steady- state in hot temperature of 40℃
Chinese females reported significantly greater thermal sensation at all body sites to a warm probe.(40℃)
Male (n = 8) and female (n = 8) mean thermal sensation of previous and steady- state in hot temperature of 20℃
Chinese females reported significantly greater thermal sensation at all body sites to a cold probe (20℃)
Word cloud generated from interviews with particpants about thermal comfort
The interview were conducted in Chinese, and included many unique Chinese slang words, which were difficult to translate into English. Most participants mentioned that their concept of heat and cold came from family members. In traditional Chinese thinking, keeping warm is very important.
Through two experiments, the differences in thermal sensitivity between Chinese men and women. The optimal temperatures were studied, and the different thermal comfort caused by gender differences were explored, providing standards and design guidance for human thermal comfort of climate control systems, so as to design a truly comfortable thermal environment.
The aim of this study was to investigate the regional differences in the local skin response to thermal stimulation between Chinese males and females. The difference in sensitivity between a Chinese male and female is not well defined. The research results can extend the knowledge and understanding of thermal sensitivity, thus, providing a theoretical basis for subsequent industrial product design research. This research investigates the effects of ethnic differences on thermal sensitivity and comfort, and attempt to understand whether the observed differences can be attributed to physical, physiological, or perceptual variations.
The influence of gender on thermal sensitivity to warm and cool in Chinese individuals
2019.5 Ford Motor Company Fund Smart Mobility Challenge
Participated in the Ford Motor Company Fund Smart Mobility Challenge as UI&UX Designer.
2016.6 The Media Group
Participated in the Media Group's Smart Products Design Competition and won the third prize.
2014.6 Hershey Foods Package Design Corporation
Participated in the Packaging Design Competition of Hershey Foods Corporation and won the second prize as
the leader and product designer.